State and Revolution in the Making of the Indonesian Republic


  • Norman Joshua Northwestern University


While much ink has been spilled in the effort of explaining the Indonesian National Revolution, major questions remain unanswered. What was the true character of the Indonesian revolution, and when did it end? This article builds a case for a new perspective on viewing Indonesia's "revolution" by perceiving it as a simultaneously national and social revolution. Based on a revisionist reading of classic texts on the Revolution, I argue that the idea of a singular, elite-driven and Java-centric "revolution" dismisses the central meaning of the revolution itself, as it was simultaneously national and regional in scope, political and social in character, and it spanned more than the five years as it was previously examined.




How to Cite

Joshua, N. (2021). State and Revolution in the Making of the Indonesian Republic. Jurnal Sejarah, 2(1). Retrieved from